2—Working With Buckets and Objects
    • 23 Feb 2024
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    2—Working With Buckets and Objects

    • PDF

    Article Summary

    Wasabi stores objects (folders and files) in buckets. Once you create a storage bucket, you can:

    • Upload files directly into the bucket
    • Create folders into which you can upload files

    You can create up to 1000 buckets per account.

    Folders set up your file system by sorting files into groups. You can define a hierarchy of folders (folders within folders) and upload a file into the appropriate folder.

    Objectives

    Sign up for Wasabi and sign in.
    Work with buckets and objects. 
    Create a user account and access key.

    Creating a Bucket

    1. On the Wasabi menu, click Buckets.

    2. In the upper right of the Console panel, click Create Bucket. If you are a new user, you may see a screen such as the one below. You can click either blue Create Bucket button.

      The Create Bucket panel is displayed. Notice that it is divided into three basic steps:

      Bucket Name
      Set Properties
       Review

     Bucket Name

    1. In the “Select Bucket Name” area, enter a unique DNS-compliant name for your new bucket. You should develop a naming strategy following these guidelines:

      — The name must be unique across all existing bucket names in Wasabi. A bucket name must:
              Be a valid DNS-compliant name
              Begin with a lowercase letter or number, and
              Consist of 3 to 63 lowercase letters, numbers, periods, and/or dashes.
      The name cannot contain underscores, end with a dash, have consecutive periods, or use dashes adjacent to periods. And, the name cannot be formatted as an IP address (123.45.678.90).

      — Choose a bucket name that reflects the objects you will store in the bucket.

      The bucket name is visible in the URL that points to the objects you will put in the bucket. widget-project is used in the example below; but, enter your own unique name.

    2. Select the region (geographic location) where you want the bucket to reside. The URL of the region you select is displayed with the region name. For example:

      You can click to copy this region URL to the clipboard.

    3. At this point, you have several options:

      Click Create Bucket to create the bucket now (and end this procedure).
      OR
      Continue by reviewing the bucket properties, as described below.
      OR
      Copy settings from an existing bucket, as described for Quick Setup in the Wasabi Cloud Storage: Advanced Usage Product Guide.

      Continue now by reviewing the bucket properties. Click Next.

     Set Properties

    Options are provided to set bucket versioning, bucket logging, and/or object locking. By default, these features are suspended.

    • Bucket versioning is a way to maintain multiple variations of an object in the same bucket, as described in the Bucket Versioning section of the Wasabi Cloud Storage: Advanced Usage Product Guide.
    • Bucket logging creates a text log file of all access to the bucket, as described in Bucket Logging.
    • Object locking is available to help prevent objects from being deleted or overwritten for a fixed amount of time or indefinitely. Object locking can be enabled only while creating the bucket, as described in Object Locking.

    We will not change the versioning, logging, or object locking defaults for this exercise. So, click Next.

     Review

    The bucket properties are displayed for your review. You can click Back to change the bucket properties. But, for this exercise, click Create Bucket to accept the information and create the bucket.

    A message at the top of your screen indicates that the bucket was created successfully:

    Reviewing the New Bucket

    The new bucket is displayed in the Bucket List on the Buckets panel.

    Each bucket is displayed with:

    • Bucket name that, when clicked, provides access to object information (you will see this later when Storing Objects in a Bucket)
    • Owner name, which is the name of the person who created the bucket
    • Region in which the bucket was created
    • Public Access status of the bucket (Default indicates that the bucket is private)
    • Date/time when the bucket was created
    • Actions accessed with theicon to:
      • Change settings for versioning, logging, bucket policy, compliance, and an access control list (ACL)
      • Rename the bucket
      • Delete the bucket
    • Clickin the upper right corner of the Bucket List to toggle the display of each column.

    Working With a Bucket

    Click the icon to access options for bucket features. Procedures for using these features are beyond the scope of Getting Started, but the following is an overview. (For details, refer to the Buckets and Objects section of the Wasabi Cloud Storage: Advanced Usage Product Guide.)

    • Establishing bucket settings. You can set:
      • Versioning and/or logging features. Versioning is a way to maintain multiple variations of an object in the same bucket. You can then retrieve and restore any version of an object in the bucket. This provides protection against inadvertent removal of an object (such as by overwriting or expiration).
      • Policy for the bucket. You can attach a policy to define the actions that can take place on a bucket and the conditions under which those actions can occur.
      • Compliance features. Compliance features prevent the deletion of any objects and provide additional information to prove that the original data was not modified since the time it was stored.
      • Object locking. Object locking can help prevent objects from being deleted or overwritten for a fixed amount of time or indefinitely. Versioning must be enabled on a bucket before object locking is enabled. And, object locking can be enabled only while creating the bucket. Once enabled, the Object Locking tab is available under bucket settings, where you can configure either governance or compliance mode along with retention time.
      • Access control list (ACL) features. An ACL enables you to manage the users and groups that have access to buckets and objects.
    • Changing the bucket name.
    • Deleting the bucket.
    When you delete a bucket, all objects stored with the Wasabi service are subject to Wasabi’s minimum storage policy, which applies even if the objects are deleted. For additional information, refer to wasabi.com/pricing.

    Storing Objects in a Bucket

    Now that you created a bucket, you can store an object in it. An object can be any type of file—text, photo, video, etc. Here are a few notes to keep in mind before you begin to upload files:

    You can use the Shift or Ctrl keys to select multiple files. If you choose the same file name from different folders, Wasabi will store the file chosen last before the upload starts.
    Avoid the use of the following special characters in a file name:
       % (percent)
       < (less than symbol)
       > (greater than symbol)
       \ (backslash)
       # (pound sign)
       ? (question mark)
    Certain file names may have non-ASCII characters that are 4 byte UTF8 characters (such as emojis). Wasabi does not support these characters and will return a 400 error message to an application that tries to write a file with 4 byte UTF characters in the file name. We recommend renaming the affected files, if possible.

    To store objects in a bucket:

    1. In the Bucket List, click the bucket name (as circled below) into which you want to upload an object.

    2. The bucket content panel is displayed. If your bucket already held objects, the panel would list the object names and associated information (as you will see later). With an empty bucket, you will see a panel such as:

      You can create a folder and/or upload files (as described in the next step. To create a folder into which you will upload files:

      — Click Create Folder.
      — Enter a name for the folder.
      — Click Create Folder.

      The folder is listed in the Objects list. You can click the folder name and then upload files into it, as described in the next step.

    3. You can upload files and folders in different ways:

      If your bucket or folder is empty, you can drag and drop one or multiple files or folders into the Your Bucket Is Empty (or Your Folder Is Empty) circle. For example:  

      Then, continue with the next step.

      Whether or not your bucket or folder is empty, you can click Upload Files. Then, drag and drop files or folders into the rectangular gray area, or click Browse Files and select files to upload.

    4. Once you drag and drop or select objects to upload, the File Uploader is displayed. All files to upload are listed, including those from a folder if you selected a folder. For example:

      Review the list of files to upload. If the list is long, a scroll bar appears to the right of the files, enabling you to scroll through the list.

    5. Optionally, you can add files to upload by clicking Browse Files and selecting them.
      To remove a file from the list before uploading, click to the right of the file name.
      To remove all files, click Clear Files.
    6. Optionally, you can add up to 15 tags to the objects (files) listed. Tags are a way to further organize your objects. While the action for adding tags here applies to all objects listed, you can later modify the tags associated with individual objects.

      The use of tags is beyond the scope of Getting Started. Refer to Object Tags in the Wasabi Cloud Storage: Advanced Usage Product Guide.

    7. Click Start Upload to upload the objects. A blue line under the file name indicates the progress of the upload for that file.

      In the example below, notice that the upload of the first two files (callout-1.png and callout-2.png) is completed. The word "Completed!" appears below each file name and a checkmarkappears to the right of each file name. The upload of the third file (callout-3.png) is still in progress, as noted with the text "Uploading..." and an indication of the remaining portion to upload.

      You can abort an upload before it is completed (as for callout-3.png) by clickingto the right of the file name.

    8. When the upload is complete, you are returned to the Upload Files panel where you can repeat the steps to upload additional folders or files.

    9. For now, close the Upload Files window by clicking .
    When the file upload is in progress, you can minimize the Upload Files window by clicking the X in the upper right corner. When the Upload Files window is minimized and an upload is in progress, you can navigate to all pages, except Billing.
    The message, "Network Failure," is displayed if the network is interrupted during an upload.
    The time it takes to upload or download your storage to or from Wasabi is dependent on a number of factors including:
    • Volume of storage (which will vary for each customer)
    • Internet speed you have from your location (which will vary for each customer)
    • Internet speed that Wasabi supports (multiple 10 GB/s connections per data center)
    Given the variability of the above factors, there is no universal answer to the question, "How long does it take?" Fortunately, there are many online calculators available for this purpose, such as: http://www.thecloudcalculator.com/calculators/file-transfer.html

    Reviewing Uploaded Objects

    Uploaded objects are listed on the Objects panel. The following example shows one folder (fonts) and three files (callout-1.png, callout-2.png, and callout-3.png) stored in the bucket named widget-bucket.

    Folders and files are displayed with a Name, Type, Last Modified (date), and Size. You can click the column heading to sort the listing by:

    • Name—number and then alphabetically (a to z) or reverse
    • Last Modified—oldest to newest date, or newest to oldest
    • Size—smallest size to largest, or largest to smallest

    Actionsare available for each object. For an individual folder, you can:

    • Delete
    • Make public or private

    For an individual file, you can:

    • Rename
    • Delete
    • Download as
    • Share with presigned URL
    • Add tags
    • Make public or private

    These features are described in More Options for Folders and Files.

    Also notice that bucket details are provided to show the bucket creation date, compliance status, and current size (calculated daily):

    Folders

    Each folder is displayed with:

    • Select icon,, which enables you to select the folder for actions
    • Folder name
    • Folder type,, which you can click to display folder details

    The Last Modified and Size columns are blank intentionally.

    Files

    Each file is displayed with:

    • Select icon,, which enables you to select the file for actions
    • File name
    • File type, which you can click for file details:

      general file
      text (TXT)
      Word document
      Excel spreadsheet
      PowerPoint presentation
      graphics
      media
    • Date/time when the file was last modified
    • Size of the file

    Objects List Tools

    Notice the icons in the upper right part of the Objects list:

      Or, if versioning is enabled:

    accesses the Bucket Settings panel, as described in the Wasabi Cloud Storage: Advanced Usage Product Guide.

    enables you to toggle the display of each column. This tool is not available if a folder is empty.

    provides More Options for Folders and Files.

     and toggle between hiding and showing file versions if versioning is enabled. For details, refer to Versioning in the Wasabi Cloud Storage: Advanced Usage Product Guide. This tool is not available if a folder is empty.

    Working With Folders and Files

    Before moving on to Step 3, you may want to review more details about Working With Folders and Files.

    Objectives Met!

    Sign up for Wasabi and sign in.
    Work with buckets and objects.
    Create a user account and access key. 



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